Engineering



What is Engineering?

Have you ever wondered about who are the people behind your new car, or the mobile phone that you are using, who designs the aircrafts you travel in or who all control the technical systems around you, making your life so smooth and tech savvy. They are none other than the technocrats and engineers who work to create a comfort zone around you. If you are looking for a profession where your imagination and creativity works as your tool to bring a change to the world, then engineering is just the profession for you.

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Why choose Engineering as a career?

Today the world of Engineering offers many new streams that can be taken up by students interested in technology and mechanics, ready to use their skills and knowledge in a specific field to solve problems, make things work to improve the world around us. There is a lot of scope of work to utilize one’s expertise in building, designing and testing gadgets, gizmos, products and structures across the globe. There are various areas such as environmental management, space exploration, broadcasting, telecommunication, electronics that need your careful insights and creativity. Apart from bringing tangible change in society, this profession brings with it a feeling of pride as one gets to contribute one’s services to a range of existing businesses and industries like construction, medicine, food, transport, aviation fashion, where creativity, dedication and handwork becomes your biggest assets to mitigate challenges to make a better world. With the world going hi-tech, Information Technology is becoming one of the most sought after industry for engineers and being a well-paid sector it justifies the fact. Although the emerging trends also show that students are also focusing on new emerging fields.

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Specialization in Engineering

List of some lucrative career options for students aspiring for Engineering after 12the standard:

  • B.E Marine Engineering
  • B.E Petroleum engineering
  • B.E Mechanical Engineering
  • B.E. Civil Engineering
  • B.E. Electrical & Electronics Engineering
  • B.E. Information Technology
  • B.E. Aeronautical Engineering
  • B.E. Biochemical Engineering
  • B.E. Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • B.E. Medical Electronics
  • B.E. Structural Engineering
  • B.E. Automobile Engineering
  • B.E. Industrial & Production Engineering
  • B.E. Chemical Engineering
  • B.E. Mechanical Engineering
  • B.E. Civil Engineering
  • B.E. Biomedical Engineering
  • B.E. Computer Science & Engineering
  • B.E. Instrumentation & Control Engineering
  • B.E. Computer & Communication Engineering
  • B.E. Electrical & Electronics Engineering
  • B.E. Telecommunications Engineering

Top Institutes offering undergraduate level engineering programmes are:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – different cities
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU), Delhi
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT) – different cities
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) – different cities

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Medical



About Medical Profession:

For those who have the passion to save lives by serving patients and exploring new scientific advancements this is the best Profession that bestows lot of respect.

The Medical profession is one of the most rewarding careers for those interested in the field of medical studies and is expanding day by day with the latest developments in the field that has created a vast scope for specializations day by day. A doctor's profession involves a lot of patience and hard work to deal with unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments. A today number of super specialty hospitals have emerged both in India and abroad that provide employment opportunities to the Medical professionals interns of research, working facilities and off-course remuneration. A doctor’s professional is very demanding that requires more of responsibility than mere privileges.

Doctors can find employment in Government or private Hospitals, Nursing homes/clinics/health departments, Medical services of the army, navy and air force, Research institutes and medical colleges as researchers, under the Ministry of Defense, Charitable institutions, Medical colleges and training institutes as teachers, Industrial sector, or can opt for Private practice.

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Career Options after Medical Entrance:

MBBS: The eligibility criteria for applying for MBBS Entrance in India is at least 50% in PCB Physics, Chemistry Biology and English in Higher Secondary or 10+2 exams. Every year approximate 5 Lakh students sit for the MBBS entrance exam for 32000 seats. The Duration of the MBBS course is 4.5 years after which it is mandatory for the students to undergo a Residential Internship which takes around 12 months.

BDS: The Bachelor of Dental Surgery [BDS] is an undergraduate course in the field of dentistry. The duration of Bachelor of Dental Surgery [BDS] is 4 years followed by 1 year of the internship period. The eligibility for this undergraduate course is scoring a minimum of 50% in senior secondary examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English. India has about 300 colleges which offer BDS courses.

BHMS: BHMS is an undergraduate academic degree course of 5 years in the sector of Homoeopathy and can be done after 10+2 with 50% marks in aggregate and to get admission into this an entrance examination must be cleared.

BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) is graduate degree awarded after the study of five and a half years duration, including 1-year internship. The Ayurvedic Colleges of India awards the Degree of "Ayurvedacharya”. BAMS requires subjects with a combination of Sanskrit, Physics, Chemistry, Biology in Higher Secondary education. The curriculum includes studying Ayurveda topics along with the Principles of Medicine, Modern Anatomy and Physiology, ENT, Surgery etc.

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Specializations after MBBS (Medical):

There are various fields of specializations for the students of medicine to choose from apart from general practice, to name few:


General Medicine: General Practitioners diagnose everyday sundry ailments and perform the role of the family doctor.

General Surgery : General surgeons are medical doctors who have completed a residency in general surgery. Their training requires at least 12 years of postsecondary education. Surgeons diagnose and repair diseases that require surgical intervention.

Dermatology : Dermatologists are physician specialists who diagnose and treat disorders of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes along with hair transplants and other laser operated procedures are undertaken in both children and adults and is a highly competitive medical fields that requires many years of education and training.

Psychiatry: Psychiatry is the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders that include behavioural, cognitive, and perceptual abnormalities.

Pediatrics: Pediatric doctors or Pediatricians specialize in treating ailments and illnesses of children such as soar throat, pink eye, colds and chicken pox and help them stay healthy.

Cardiology:A cardiologist deals with the diseases related to the heart and the Circulatory system. It is a super specialty done after MD or DNB Medicine.

Obstetrics/Gynecologist : They deal with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions specific to the female reproductive system from the point of conceiving to the delivery of the baby that reds to be monitored for the course of 9 months. These professionals must be available for emergency calls and for childbirth. After clearing MBBS the student needs to pursue a 3 years post graduation Degree (MD/MS) and 2 years for DGO in Gynecology after Medical entrance examination for India, state ,university or institute level).




Anesthesiology: Anesthesiologists are responsible for providing pain relief to patients and monitoring patients' vital signs during surgery and requires a great deal of expertise and educational background.

Orthopedics: An Orthopedic doctor deals with are broken bones and specialize in the muscles, ligaments, bones, tendons, joints and nerves, which let our bodies move. While an Orthopaedic surgeons deals with musculoskeletal issues, central nervous system issues such as injuries, deformities, tumors, infections, degenerative disease etc. To pursue a course in this field the candidate is required to complete M.B.B.S followed by an all India level test for Post-Graduation, qualifying which, the candidate becomes eligible for pursuing the course.

ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat): The ENT doctors deal with the diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat regions and requires an MBBS with MD.

Neurology: Treats diseases and diseases and disorder related to the brain and the nervous system and treat patients suffering from disorders of the brain. It’s a super specialty field and the process to become a Neurologist requires to take a Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) or MBBS followed by 3 years of internship and then a residency program.

Pathology:Is the branch if medicine that investigates the cause of various diseases and the possibilities for their presentation, the degree course in Pathology requires MBBS + MD in Pathology.

There are many Super Specializations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as: Plastic Surgery, Conito-urinary surgery, Cardio-thoracic surgery, Endocrinology, Neurosurgery, Pediatric Surgery, Gastroenterology, Clinical Hematology.

Other than Allopathy, medicine also covers different systems like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc.


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List of Chief Medical colleges along with Entrance Examinations across India: Entrance Exams For Admission in MBBS

Entrance Exams For Admission in MBBS

Conducted By Name of Entrance Exam
All India Institute of Medical Sciences All India Institute of Medical Sciences Entrance Exam - AIIMS 2012
AIPMT AIPMT Exam - All India Pre-Medical/ Pre-Dental Entrance Examination
NEET UG National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Undergraduate
PMET Punjab Pre Medical Test
UPCAT/ UPCMET/UPCPMT Uttar Pradesh Medical Entrance Exams/ Uttar Pradesh Common Admission Test/ Uttar Pradesh Combined Medical Entrance Test/ Uttar Pradesh Combined Pre Medical Test
Armed Forces Medical College AFMC Armed Forces Medical College Entrance Exam - AFMC
Banaras Hindu University Medical Entrance Examination - BHU 2012 Banaras Hindu University Medical Entrance Examination - BHU
MP DMAT Madhya Pradesh MP DMAT Medical Entrance Exam and All India Dental & Medical Admission Test
AIMS - Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences Entrance Exam
AIPVT All India Pre Veterinary Test
Dr. DY Patil Medical College All India Common Entrance Test
DUMET Delhi University Medical/ Dental Entrance Test
Haryana PMT Haryana Pre- Medical Test
HP CPMT Himachal Pradesh Combined Pre Medical Entrance Test HP CPMT Medical Entrance Exam
KLE UGAIET / PGAIET KLE University Under Graduate/Post Graduate All India Entrance Test
AU AIMEE Annamalai University - AU AIMEE All India Medical Entrance Examinations
AU AIMEE Annamalai University - AU AIMEE All India Medical Entrance Examinations
Bharati Vidyapeeth University Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical Entrance Exam
UPMT Uttaranchal Pre-Medical Test
BLDE UGET BLDE University Under Graduate Entrance Test/BLDE UGET Medical Entrance Exam
CETPPMC Common Entrance Test for Pondicherry Private Medical Colleges CETPPMC Medical Entrance Exam
Christian Medical College Ludhiana Christian Medical College Ludhiana Entrance Test CMC Entrance
KEAM Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical Entrance Exam
Manipal PMT Manipal Pre Medical Test
MGIMS MGIMS Medical Entrance/Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Science
MAHER Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research (MAHER) Medical Entrance Exam
MPMT Madhya Pradesh Pre-Medical Test MP PMT
PIMS Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences PIMS Medical Entrance Exam
RPMT Rajasthan Pre-Medical Test RPMT
SRM Institute of Science and Technology SRM Medical Entrance Exam
Vinayaka Missions University All India Common Entrance Examination Vinayaka Missions University
AMU Aligarh Muslim University Medical Entrance Exam
CMC Vellore MBBS Entrance Exam

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Hotel Management



Hospitality & Hotel Administration Program:

The Bachelor of Science Program in Hospitality and Hotel Administration is offered jointly by the National Council for Hotel Management and the Indira Gandhi National Open University. The Three-Year (Six Semesters) full time regular course equips students with all the required skills, knowledge and attitude to efficiently discharge supervisory responsibilities in the Hospitality sector. The program also involves in depth laboratory work for students to acquire required knowledge and skill standards in the operational areas of Food Production, Food and Beverage Service, Front Office Operation and House Keeping. It also provides managerial inputs in Hotel Accountancy, Food Safety and Quality, Human Resource Management, Facility Planning, Financial Management, Strategic Management, Tourism Marketing and Tourism Management.

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Eligibility Criteria:

A pass in 10+2 system of Senior Secondary examination or its equivalent with English as one of the subjects. Candidate must have passed English as a subject of study (core/elective/functional) in the qualifying examination.

QUALIFYING EXAMINATIONS FOR INDIAN STUDENTS

  • Plus two level examination in the 10+2 pattern of Senior Secondary education of any recognized Central/State Board, such as Central Board of Secondary Education and Council for Indian School Certificate Examination or State Boards of Secondary Education.
  • Intermediate or two-year Pre-University Examination conducted by a recognized Board/University.
  • General Certificate Education (GCE) Examination (London/Cambridge/Sri Lanka) at the Advanced (A) level.
  • High School Certificate Examination of the Cambridge University.
  • Any Public School/Board/University Examination in India or in a foreign country recognized by the Association of Indian Universities as equivalent to 10+2 pattern of Senior Secondary education.
  • H.S.C. Vocational Examination.
  • Senior Secondary School Examination conducted by the National Open School with a minimum of five subjects including English as one of the Subjects.

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About National Council for Hotel Management:

National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology is an autonomous body under Ministry of Tourism, Government of India. The Council centrally regulates academics for B.Sc. Hospitality and Hotel Administration and nine other structured courses of study that are imparted at the existing 21 Central Institutes of Hotel Management, 16 State Govt. Institutes of Hotel Management, 14 Private Institutes of Hotel Management affiliated with NCHMCT. Eight Food Craft Institutes located in different parts of the country offer Diploma programs in specific operational areas. All Institutes uniformly follow standardized course curricula prescribed by the Council for the different professional programs.

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Career Opportunities for Hospitality Graduates:

Global growth and development of tourism have opened up innumerable openings. As a result graduating students can look forward to career opportunities such as:

  • Management Trainee in Hotel and Allied Hospitality industry;
  • Kitchen Management/ Housekeeping Management positions in Hotels after initial stint as Trainee;
  • Flight Kitchens and on-board flight services;
  • Indian Navy Hospitality services;
  • Guest/ Customer Relations Executive in Hotel and other Service Sectors;
  • Management Trainee/ Executive in International and National fast food chains;
  • Hospital and Institutional Catering;
  • Faculty in Hotel Management/ Food Craft Institutes ( after requisite work experience );
  • Opportunities in Shipping and Cruise Lines;
  • Marketing / Sales Executive in Hotel and other Service Sector;
  • Opportunities in State Tourism Development Corporations;
  • Opportunities in Resort Management;
  • Self employment through entrepreneurship;
  • Opportunities available in Multinational companies for their hospitality services;
  • Opportunities for commissioned job in Indian Navy;
  • On National level about 80% graduates are employed by Hospitality and other service sectors through on campus and off campus recruitment processes.


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